Fernando Pessoa was a Portuguese poet and writer born in Lisbon.
He is considered one of the greatest poets to have written in the Portuguese language and a giant of world literature.
At the age of 6, he moved to South Africa where he learnt to read and write English perfectly. Of the four books he published in his lifetime, three were written in English.
During his lifetime, Pessoa worked in various places as an English and French correspondent. He also worked as a businessman, editor, literary critic, journalist, political commentator, translator, inventor, astrologer and advertiser while producing his works in verse and prose.
As a poet, he was known for his multiple pseudonyms, what came to be known as heteronyms, which were and still are today the subject of the studies produced on his life and work.
Pessoa died in Lisbon at the age of 47, victim of biliary colic associated with liver cirrhosis, a diagnosis which is today disputed by many in the medical profession.